With the industrial revolution, traditional farming methods gave way to more intensive agriculture. Unfortunately, the high productivity of the latter has generated significant environmental consequences. To address these, in a context where resources are becoming scarce, world specialists advocate the use of a sustainable agricultural practice.
A three-dimensional agriculture
In 1992, in Rio de Janeiro, the international community ratified the 27 principles of long-term development. The application of these principles to the land use gave rise to sustainable agriculture. The goal of this new approach is to preserve resources for the future generations while meeting current needs. In reality, this farming practice incorporates three dimensions. It is an environmentally conscious agriculture through the preservation of landscapes, biodiversity and the quality of water, air and soil. In addition to the transferability of farms and the sharing of decision-making powers, this type of agriculture ensures social equity. The sustainability of agriculture also implies a dimension of economic viability. To that end, the agricultural production requires autonomous and economical systems. It provides farmers with decent incomes.
Organic farming: an example of sustainability
The measures applied in the context of biological farming make it a perfect example of durable agriculture. This model puts aside the use of chemicals and genetically modified organisms. This practice perfectly meets the needs of biodiversity preservation and soil quality. Improving yields in agricultural countries is one of the issues related to sustainable agricultural practices. An average of 79% improvement in productivity was observed in a study of 286 projects. A more effective use of water emerged from this observation in 57 countries.
The Tunisian case
The adoption of a lasting agricultural practices is a means of promoting food security. It is in this perspective that Tunisia has chosen its path. By promoting the efficient use of resources, this country hopes to stably maintain the availability of quality foods. The sustainable arboriculture project piloted in southern Tunisia by Al Hidaya agricole, a subsidiary of HBG Holding, is a good example of this effort to integrate sustainability into farming methods. Under the initiative of Tarek Bouchamaoui, Al Hidaya Agricultural intends to make its contribution in boosting Tunisia's GDP, benefiting from agriculture at 12%. Implemented on an area of 750 hectares, this initiative led by Tarek Bouchamaoui will see its first harvest in the course of 2018. These will allow the contribution of foreign currency flows in the stock market of the State since the investigator of the project primarily targets the export market. In this perspective, the project has chosen to promote Arbosana, a variety of olive never yet exploited on the local soil. Nearly 50 million dinars are brewed as part of this project over the 2015-2019 period. Tarek Bouchamaoui also focuses on the Tunisian oil !